Giao Duyen Singing - Hát Giao Duyên
Hò (calls) are classified into two categories: calls
during work and calls during rest. Work calls were usually transformed
into love songs. Thus, after the word hò we always see
the words giao duyên (dual love). Nevertheless, because
hò are songs inspired by daily work, hò giao duyên
still keeps the characteristics of work calls, reinforcing and entertaining.
Facing the needs of a song type as a means to express personal affections
and to compete against the talent of others in public, the actual
hát giao duyên (dual love songs) was born.
In the North, hát giao duyên do not especially serve
the rythm of the work.
|Gặp nhau đây mới đầu trăng gío,
||Meeting here like this before any
|Hỏi một lời đã có chồng chưa?
||I want to know: are you married?
Love, as expressed through hát giao duyên, was very simple
and as gentle as its tune:
|Ngồi xuống đây bẻ cây vạch đất,
||Sit down here, break a branch and
draw on the ground,
|Cỡi khăn trầu kết cấu lương duyên.
||Take off the scarf, promise a marriage.
Hát giao duyên in the North were called Lý giao duyên
in Central Vietnam and Lý giao dươn in the South. In Central
Vietnam, lý means villager's song compared to the music
of Hue which was the production of nobles (imperial family, mandarins,
etc.). All folk songs in Central Vietnam and in the South are either
hò or lý. Lý is developed from children
songs to songs for fun, popular theater songs, ritual songs, music
of Hue, traditional and reformed theater music. Lý songs
were named after the content of the song or the first few words
of the lyrics. The following song was sung in the pentatonic scale
nam, nuance ai (RE nearly flat, FA vibrato, LA nearly flat) and
was named "Lý vọng phu" (Waiting for husband):
|Gío mùa xuân rưng rưng nước mắt,
||Spring wind blows, my eyes fill with
|Nhó tới chàng ruột thắt héo don,
||I feel emptywhen I think of you,
|Gío mùa hè tiếng ve kêu dề,
||Summer wind blows, cicadas call to
|Mong nhớ chàng bóng xế trăng lu,
||Waiting for you, the days decline,
the moon fades,
|Gío mùa thu mẹ ru con ngủ,
||Autumn wind blows, I lull you, my
|Cha con đà vui thú nơi đâu,
||Where does your father dawdle,
|Gío mùa đông nằm không thấy bạn,
||Winter wind blows, resting here alone,
|Nhớ thương chàng nhiều đoạn đắng cay.
||Missing you, I feel deep pain.
Lý giao duyên turns from a self-evolved love song to
a declaration to the love objects:
|Giải sông Ngân mây rầu rầu chuyển,
||On the milky way a cloud sadly flows,
|Một bước đường trời biển chia hai,
||In a moment the sky and the sea will
|Hỡi nàng nàng ơi!
|Anh dặn một lời xin đừng quên,
||Don't forget what I tell you:
|Cảnh phù tang gío vàng hiu hắt,
||This short life is just like the light
|Một bước đường như cắt lòng tơ,
||One step from you, my heart hurts
|Hỡi nàng nàng ơi!
|Em dặn một lời xin nhớ đừng quên....
||Remember what I tell you, don't forget....
extracted from "Musics of Vietnam"
by Pham Duy