Đàn t'rưng, a musical instrument of the central highlands
T'rung is one of the popular musical instruments closely associated
with the spiritual life of the Bahnar, TSedan, Giarai, Ede and other
ethnic minority people in the Central Highlands of Vietnam. It is
made of very short bamboo tubes differing in size, with a notch
at one end and a beveled edge at the other. The long big tubes give
off low-pitched tones while the short small ones produce high-pitched
tones. The tubes are arranged lengthwise horizontally and attached
together by two strings.
There are three types of T'rung: high, medium and low tones. The
simplest type is composed of five tubes corresponding to La, Do
1, Re 1, Fa 1, Sol 1 and producing deep and resounding tones. In
the majestic Central Highlands, T'rung is often played after back-breaking
farm work and during evening get get-togethers in the communal house
around a bonfire with young boys and girls singing and dancing merrily.
The sounds of the gong and T'rung also mingle together at wedding
parties and village festivals.
The T'rung instrument has been largely improved. More tubes have
been added, and at times as many as 48 tubes are arranged in three
arrays capable of performing intricate piece of modern music while
preserving the traditional sound scale Some players have even invented
a stick notched at both ends for a single hand to produce two sounds
at the same time, heightening the artistry of the instrument.
the past, when playing, instrumentalist linked tubes together with
2 strings, then tied string ends on the side of high tones section
around his belly while binding the other end of the strings to a
tree or a rock. He then would play the instrument by knocking on
tubes with 2 short sticks. The range therefore usually consisted
of 6 or 7 tones in sequence of unequal pentatonic either Si - Re#1
- Fa#1 - Sol#1 - La1 - Si1 or Do1 - Re1 - Fa1 - Sol1 - La1 - Do2.
Musician would use respective set of tubes pursuant to each musical
piece. Nowadays, the range of T'rung is extended up to 3 octaves,
and even there exists T'rung with chromatic scale.
Qua" (ca. 90 kB)
extracted from "Instrumental
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